A quick guide to various waste types

In England, the staggering 409 kilograms of waste per person collected in 2021 by local authorities is a stark reminder of our collective impact on the planet. Yet our waste footprint extends far beyond the confines of our homes, whether at work, dining out, or enjoying a holiday.

In light of such extensive waste generation, we all must ensure proper categorisation and disposal of waste. Everyone, from individuals to companies and recycling centres, is responsible for checking recyclable materials are appropriately recycled and non-recyclables are disposed of in the safest manner possible.

Join us as we explore the diverse waste types, look at what they entail and outline the most effective methods for discarding them.

Liquid waste

Liquid waste is defined as any liquid that requires disposal. This includes grease, oil, wash water, detergents, and sanitary waste, generally found in households and specific industries.

Safe disposal is crucial to protect the environment, wildlife, and humans. Otherwise, there’s a high risk of surface water pollution, soil contamination, and the release of greenhouse gases.

Liquid waste can be dealt with in three ways: containment, treatment, and disposal. It can’t be disposed of in a bin or skip, so we’d recommend contacting a liquid waste removal company if you need assistance.

Four of the most common liquid waste disposal processes include:

Dewatering – This process separates solid waste from the liquid by pumping the liquid waste into a sturdy bag. This then allows it to be treated, recycled, and reused. This only applies to non-hazardous waste.

Sedimentation – This is the process of separating water from solid waste. This process uses gravity instead of centrifugal force to divide the two states of matter.

Composting – This clean disposal method converts the liquid non-hazardous waste into compost. Water is removed to leave the organic material, then turned into organic fertiliser to help crops and other plants flourish.

Incineration – This is how to dispose of hazardous liquid waste, this includes things like acids and chemicals. This method will ensure the waste is subjected to scorching temperatures from specialised furnaces.

This converts them into ash and gases — the ash can be safely disposed of in landfill, while gases require further treatment before they can be released into the atmosphere.

Solid waste

Solid waste is any unwanted or discarded materials that aren’t liquid. This includes rubbish or sludge. Solid waste can easily be disposed of in a general waste bin, recycling bin, or skip.

Glass and ceramics – This solid waste type can cause accidents and injuries if not disposed of correctly. Glass is highly recyclable and should be disposed of in recycling bins or skips hired from companies that recycle. A skip is the perfect disposal method for ceramics like kitchen and bathroom tiles.

Plastics – Some plastics are recyclable, and others aren’t. Always check the recycling symbol on any plastic item you discard to check if it’s recyclable and what plastic type it is.

Paper – Paper is easy to recycle. Cardboard, newspaper, greeting cards, wrapping paper, packaging and anything made from uncoated paper or cardboard can be recycled.

Metals – Most metals can be recycled. Take them to a scrap metal yard, and you might be paid for it.

Recyclable waste

Recyclable waste is anything thrown out that can be recycled — typically, solid waste. Checking product information will confirm if most products are recyclable.

WRAP (The Waste and Resources Action Program) collaborates with multiple recycling and environmental associations to provide a clear guide on what can and can’t be recycled. The guide also explains how waste should be presented for recycling.

However, some items need breaking into pieces before they can recycled — for example, furniture. Consider upcycling before you break things in good condition to send them for recycling. If you don’t have time for an upcycling project, list the item for free on Gumtree, Freecycle, or Facebook Marketplace, and someone will take it off your hands.

Hazardous waste

Hazardous waste is incredibly harmful to yourself and the environment and is defined as corrosive, flammable, reactive or toxic.

Examples include asbestos, fluorescent light bulbs, chemicals and solvents, and brake fluid.

Three methods are used to treat hazardous waste, depending on the type.

Thermal treatment, or incineration, is conducted at an extremely high temperature to detoxify the waste.

Alternatively, biological treatment is used, where waste is carefully mixed with surface soil on a suitable tract of land. Microbes and nutrients are sometimes added to improve the process.

Physical treatments are the final option, including solidification, flotation, filtration, sedimentation, and evaporation.

Post-treatment, the remains of hazardous waste are disposed of. This is typically in a landfill, the ocean, or underground.

Waste you can put into a skip

Checking what can be recycled and which bin it goes in can be arduous when decluttering your home, carrying out a house clearance, or doing renovation work.

With skip hire, there’s no need for multiple bins and waste areas — you can place it all into the skip and forget about it. Before booking, double-check our list of what is and isn’t accepted in a skip.

If you need quick and efficient waste removal, contact us to hire a skip from Forge Skip Hire. We’ll recycle all waste where possible and create energy from the rest to power homes and businesses

Poor waste management and how to prevent it

Poor waste management is largely caused by incorrect waste disposal, which can pollute the earth’s water, air, and soil resources.

The world currently generates 2.01 billion tonnes of solid waste annually, and at least 33% of this waste is not managed safely, leading to environmental pollution.

When working on a project or renovating your home, building a large amount of site waste can begin to build up from the moment you start. If you allow your site waste to develop and grow into a heap of unorganised mess, it can become quite challenging to dispose of.

Continue reading Poor waste management and how to prevent it

Good recycling habits for the new year

The start of a new year is always a good time to set new goals or intentions. What better way to begin by focusing on your recycling habits?

In 2021, the UK saw an increase of household waste, and we discarded 27.7 million tonnes of rubbish. The problem with this waste is that it has an incredibly low recycling rate of 44.4% meaning most of this will go into landfill and pollute the planet for years to come.

Continue reading Good recycling habits for the new year

A quick guide to Christmas waste disposal

With magic in the air and Father Christmas on his way, December typically brims with joy and treasured moments shared with loved ones.

Unfortunately, the spirit and cheer of the festive season can also create a massive build-up of waste in homes and workspaces.

The main offenders are decorations, presents, Christmas cards, food waste, and Christmas trees. As you’ll know from previous years, the house and office can rapidly get messy with the excess.

Continue reading A quick guide to Christmas waste disposal

How to declutter your home the easy way

Clutter can consume your daily life, and decluttering can often feel overwhelming — whether the junk’s in one room or has taken over your entire house.

However, you’re not alone — 90% of the UK public has clutter in their home, and reducing it is more critical than ever.

Clutter impacts your physical space but can also affect your mental health. A shocking 47.2% of people reported feeling stressed and swamped by a disordered property.

Continue reading How to declutter your home the easy way

Choosing a skip size for your garage clearance

If your garage needs decluttering, you’re not alone — nearly six million garages in the UK are so packed with junk they can’t even accommodate a car.

Among the most frequent culprits contributing to this clutter are DIY tools, gardening equipment, furniture, bicycles, scooters, footwear, and camping gear.

If this situation resonates with you, and you’re eager to reclaim your garage for its intended purpose or a new one, it’s time to embark on a garage clearance mission.

Hiring a skip is one of the most efficient methods to tackle this task. Join us as we navigate your skip-hire options and determine the best fit for your project.

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The frightening truth about Halloween waste

It’s the time of year again when the leaves crunch as you walk along the path, and the trees rustle as a chilly breeze blows. The sun sets earlier, and the sky is ink-black at night, with just the moon for illumination.

With autumn comes Halloween, a popular event celebrated yearly on the 31st of October.

On this night, tiny vampires, monsters, and witches creep out from the shadows and walk the streets hungry for treats and willing to play tricks on those who don’t comply.

Continue reading The frightening truth about Halloween waste

The beginner’s guide to Recycle Week


Despite increasing awareness of the importance of sustainable living, the UK’s domestic recycling rate is declining.

With recyclables not being recycled, more awareness needs to be raised, so we’re discussing the nation’s largest recycling behaviour change campaign — Recycle Week.

This event is the one week of the year where retailers, brands, trade associations, and waste management companies come together to promote the benefits of recycling to the general public.

Let’s explore Recycle Week, what you can expect from the event, and how to get involved.

Continue reading The beginner’s guide to Recycle Week

A guide to the UK’s waste disposal methods

When renovating your home, having a clear-out, or clearing waste on a building site, confusion can arise when considering the best waste disposal method.

If you’ve tried to reduce the amount of waste you produce and considered reuse where possible, your next consideration should be recycling. The best way to minimise the impact of your waste on the environment is always to choose the most suitable waste disposal method.

Recycling waste is crucial, so separating what can and can’t be recycled is essential.

Let’s explore the UK’s various waste disposal methods, their environmental repercussions, and how skip-hire can help you achieve your waste management goals.

Continue reading A guide to the UK’s waste disposal methods

Top tips for a house clearance

With summer coming to an end, now is the perfect time to de-clutter your home, sort through your belongings, and eliminate the things you no longer need.

A clear-out can create extra space for your autumn décor and help you stay organised over the coming months until it’s time to prepare for your annual spring clean.

If you’re moving house soon, de-cluttering now can help you avoid paying to move unwanted furniture and furnishings.

Likewise, the property you’re moving into may require a full house clearance if you’ve inherited it or the previous owner passed away.

Continue reading Top tips for a house clearance